This is will be our reading for June 10th. You can find all the details on our Meetup.com page.
Chapter 1: Introduction
There are several questions any account of freedom needs to be able to answer, with three being the most obvious. First, what is freedom, or what would it mean to act freely? Second, is it possible to act freely? Third, how important is leading a free life?
These days, these sorts of questions are folded into an area of research called “practical philosophy,” which has two questions of its own. First, are there events that we can demand justifications for, or are all events caused in the same uniform way? Is there a real distinction between a human act and a rock rolling downhill? Second, if the answer to the first question is yes, then we need to ask what counts as a good justification.
Hegel’s theory of freedom, as a theory of both action and value, is his answer to all of these questions. The standard description of Hegel’s theory says it has two elements. First, to be free is to have a reflective and deliberate relation to one’s actions, and second, that this is only possible when one is in a certain (institutional and rule-governed) relation to others.